Golang introduction

Golang comparison with other languages

Golang installation in ubuntu

We can install golang with ubuntu snap like below

$ sudo snap install --classic go

For manual installation read https://golang.org/doc/install. But, I recommend you to use snap to skip it.

Test your installation

To test the go installation just check the version of golang like below

$ go version
go version go1.14.2 linux/amd64

setup GOPATH

open ~/.bash_profile add below code.

export GOPATH=$HOME/go

Save and exit your editor. Then, source your ~/.bash_profile.

source ~/.bash_profile

Golang "Hello World" program

Let's write a golang "hello world" program.


package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
    fmt.Printf("hello, world\n")

how to run the go program ?

Golang is compiled language so first we have to compile the program and then execute the byte code. Let's compile the above program

$ go build helloWorld.go

Now, run the bytecode file helloWorld like below

$ ./helloWorld
hello, world

Hurray!!! we have successfully wrote our first program in golang.

Keywords in Golang

Keywords or reserved words in golang are

break, default, func, interface, select, case, defer, go,
map, struct, chan, else, goto, package, switch, const,
fallthrough, if, range, type, continue, for, import, return, var

Predeclared identifiers / Built-in functions

append, bool, byte, cap, close, complex, complex64, complex128,
uint16, copy, false, float32, float64, imag, int, int8, int16,
uint32, int32, int64, iota, len, make, new, nil, panic, uint64,
print, println, real, recover, string, true, uint, uint8, uintptr


  • Identifiers begin with a letter (a letter is every letter in Unicode UTF-8 or _) and followed by 0 or more letters or Unicode digits, like: X56, group1, _x23, i, өԑ12.
  • The _ itself is a special identifier, called the blank identifier. It can be used in declarations or variable assignments like any other identifier (and any type can be assigned to it), but its value is discarded, so it cannot be used anymore in the code that follows.